Mistrz Witold

# PRESCHOOL MATH – ESSENTIAL MATH SKILLS BEFORE A CHILD STARTS KINDERGARTEN

Before a child starts school, their first teachers are parents. Parents have a significant role in teaching their kids, the right fundamental concepts of mathematics before the child start school. Math toys and games are great tools, but there is more to teaching children about the basics that can be derived from everyday life. Parents can teach ordinary math application in their children right from a young age and before they even begin school.

Children who see that their parents apply, math in their everyday circumstances, can understand the concepts better. There are five main math skills that a child will need to know when they begin pre-school and before they start kindergarten. These skills not only help with the mathematical skills but also with vocabulary to understand the ‘language’ that math concepts use.

## Counting Skills

Many countries and education systems expect children to understand counting skills before they begin kindergarten. They should be able to count up to the number 20 and also understand orders. Children are also expected to know how many digits of items are present in a small set by visually estimating, without needing to count them. Another important concept is to understand that the number of elements in a collection does not change even if they are arranged differently. Counting skills and mathematics can be easily included in everyday life. At the grocery store, you can help by loudly counting the number of items you pick up. This way the child understands the concepts of numbers.

## Algebraic Concepts and Operations

By the time they are eligible to participate in kindergarten, children are expected to understand the basic concepts of addition and subtraction. Parents can help children to pick up the right number of items when at a mall or from a shelf when they help around the house. Asking questions about how many more are needed to complete the total number, will help the child understand that they need to add to get to the total. Taking too many and putting them back on the shelf will teach them subtraction.

## Base 10 Operation and Numbers

Understanding the number of units in a whole number is essential for a child from a young age. They should be able to tell that ten apples are one individual apple, picked ten times. Counting fingers and toes are a great way to teach them the 10s. Also using coins and money, parents can educate the children about the operation of 10s and the numbers to accomplish it.

## Measurement and Identification

Kindergarten students are expected to identify objects based on their size and shape. They should understand that the color, shape, and scope of the objects will be the determining factor of sorting them. Children can do this by helping in the kitchen. A kitchen is a place where there are several objects of different shapes available. Maintaining in nesting bowls of the same form or putting the spoons together of the same size will assist in teaching the concept of sorting.