Mistrz Witold

From the blog

THE MATH BEHIND THE REPRODUCTION

Sex Education is a compulsory subject in school for children to understand the beginnings of life. It teaches the journey of how the sperm from males reach the egg of the female, and the mysterious origin of life from two, single cells. However, what no one has understood is which sperm can get to the egg in the first place. All that everyone is sure about is that out of the millions of sperm that journey to the egg, one of them gets lucky to penetrate the outer layer of the egg and form the embryo.

Mathematics is applied to almost everything in our daily life. While most people who studied mathematics in school don’t like the subject, there is much of it that everyone unconsciously uses every day. Today’s research and development in the field of mathematics have substantially grown to provide the answers to some of the most complicated mysteries in the universe. When applied to aspects of science and the beginning of life, there has been little outcomes so far. Good news is that with continued research about the success of the winning sperm has given us great results finally. The research shows that while survival of the fittest is one crucial aspect, rhythm has a lot to play in the success of the winner. Students from the universities in York Birmingham in Oxford and Kyoto University in Japan have determined that the tail of the winning sperm creates the right rhythm to get it to the finish line successfully.

The Stunning Discovery

Every time sperm is released to fertilize eggs, over 50 million swimmers gun for the same winning prize. However, by the time they arrive at the fallopian tube, only ten can get to the actual egg itself. Researchers who understood the number of sperm who were able to get to the egg watched how they were able to get as far as they did. The discovery led them to understand that the tail of the sperm created a rhythmic beat which made them move toward the egg. The beats were then fed into a computer, and using high profile software; the researchers were able to understand the fluid patterns.

Simulations that were based on numerical values were used to find out the flow of the fluid around the swimmers. The challenge, however, lay in the structure of the fluid around the sperm as they differ from one person to the next. The other issue was trying to find out the pattern when there are 50 million sperms to deal with at the same time. The discovery of finding the rhythm of the tail movements is a key to help with those who have infertility issues and turn to IVF for conception. While observing the rhythm of the sperm is one step forward, the mathematicians who worked with the team were able to come up with a computer generated a formula to do it fast and efficiently. The findings are a massive discovery in the field of conception and fertility and will save people thousands of dollars and make the path to having a child much more manageable than a shoot-and-hope-to-find method.